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Solid Wood vs. Engineered Wood

Solid wood flooring, as the name suggests, is made of solid wood throughout its thickness. It is usually made of a hardwood species, such as oak, maple, or walnut, and its major advantage is that it can be sanded and refinished many times over the course of its lifespan. Engineered wood flooring looks very similar on the surface, but it is made from a thinner layer of hardwood bonded over a substrate of high-quality plywood made of hardwood as well. Engineered flooring is somewhat less expensive than solid hardwood, but don’t let that fool you!. The engineered flooring has a factory aluminum oxide or ceramic bead finish that is formulated to not require re-sanding during it’s lifetime. Also, if sanded, you would be sanding out the characters that made you fall in love with the floor in the first place. The clear advantage to one form of wood flooring over the other boils down to the geographic area you live in and your lifestyle. Your choice depends on how much you value the relative benefits of each.

wood room scene

Solid Wood Flooring vs. Engineered Wood Flooring


Solid wood flooring comes in long planks, usually made of a hardwood species. It is milled with tongues and grooves on opposite edges so that the boards interlock when installed. It is always nailed down to the subfloor, a process that requires some skill. Because it is solid wood, this flooring can be sanded down and refinished several times over its life.

Engineered wood flooring looks very much like solid hardwood, but its construction features a thinner layer of hardwood bonded over a premium-quality plywood layer also made of hardwood that gives the flooring the best stability. A good-quality engineered wood floor typically lasts 25 to 50 years, and it is both less expensive and requires less maintenance due to it’s aluminum oxide or ceramic bead finish.
 Solid HardwoodEngineered Hardwood
Lifespan30 to 100 years (depending on structure,
lifestyle & atmosphere)
20 to 50 years (most having a 50 year warranty)
Cost$10 to $15 per square foot$5 to $14 per square foot
Sanding, Refinishing2 or 3 times over life of floor50 Year finish, not required
StabilityMay warp in humid, damp conditions, too dry or seasonal shrinkageGreat resistance to warping, cupping and seasonal changes
Plank thicknessAbout 3/4 inch3/8 to 5/8 inch
Plank Width2 1/4 to 4 inches2 1/4 to 9 inches
Plank Length12 to 72 inches36 to 72 inches
Installation MethodNail down, tongue-and-grooveNail down, floating, or glue-down



Solid Hardwood Flooring

Solid hardwood flooring boards tend to be narrower than engineered hardwood flooring. Solid hardwood generally has very tight seams between boards, and there is a great range of colors and species. Solid hardwood is available in both pre-finished and unfinished boards. This article mainly compares the unfinished sand & finish solid hardwood. 

wood room scene

Engineered Hardwood Flooring


Floorboards tend to be wider with engineered hardwood flooring (due to it’s stability.) Some pre-finished engineered hardwood flooring has slightly beveled edges, which creates slight grooves between boards causing a more defined look, while solid hardwood flooring generally has very tight seams between boards. Engineered hardwood flooring is almost always sold pre-finished, and there is a broader range of available colors, character, species and application than with solid hardwood.

ServicesPage Hardwood Flooring

Best for Appearance?: Tie

Which version of hardwood flooring you find preferable really boils down to personal preference and which floor fits your needs and lifestyle.


Water and Heat Resistance


Both types of hardwood have good resistance to heat. Neither material is recommended for installation in truly wet locations. Engineered can however be installed over concrete and in basements below grade.


Solid Hardwood

Solid hardwood is not recommended for installation against concrete slabs, since moisture migrating through the concrete can cause solid hardwood to swell and warp. 


Engineered Hardwood

Engineered hardwood has much better performance in humid locations since its plywood construction makes it more stable and less susceptible to warping. If installation against a concrete subfloor is necessary, engineered hardwood is the choice.


Best for Water and Heat Resistance: Engineered Hardwood

Engineered hardwood flooring comes out the winner here, since its plywood base makes it less susceptible to warping caused by moisture. Engineered flooring is also great over a floor heating system as well.


Care and Cleaning


Solid Hardwood

This flooring is easy to clean with simple sweeping and vacuuming, and occasional damp-mopping with an approved wood cleaner.


Engineered Hardwood

Care and cleaning of this flooring look the same as for solid hardwood: sweeping or vacuuming, and occasional damp-mopping with a wood cleaner.


Best for Care and Cleaning: Tie

Both types of flooring are relatively easy to care for, requiring simple sweeping and cleaning with an approved wood cleaner. Avoid using water or steam to clean any wood floor.

wood floor room scene

Durability and Maintenance


Solid Hardwood

Solid hardwood has the disadvantage here, but since it can be sanded down and refinished several times over its lifespan it would be something to consider as a more long term durability.


Engineered Hardwood

Engineered hardwood can be refinished once, or at most twice, but honestly, should not need any sanding as the engineered floor has a very hard aluminum oxide or ceramic bead factory finish (designed to avoid the need of sanding and refinishing) that will withstand years, if not decades of use before the surface hardwood finish layer is exhausted.


Best for Durability and Maintenance: Engineered Hardwood

Engineered hardwood flooring holds the edge here since it has been designed to be more stable and the factory aluminum oxide finish eliminates the need for sanding and refinishing for many years. All solid-wood floors can benefit from a renewal of the surface varnish coat every few years.




Solid Hardwood

Solid hardwood flooring is installed with a tongue-and-groove system, in which each board is blind-nailed to the subfloor down through tongues at the edges of the boards.


Engineered Hardwood

Some engineered wood flooring is also installed with the same nail-down methods used for solid hardwood, but there are also forms with “click-lock” edges that can be installed as a “floating floor.” Engineered wood flooring can also be glued down against a concrete subfloor, yes, even in “below grade” basements. 


Best for Installation: Engineered Hardwood

You will find that the click-lock or glue-down forms of engineered hardwood are easier to work with than the nail-down methods used for solid hardwood.




Solid Hardwood

Sand & Finished solid hardwood averages about $10 per square foot, within a range of $8 to $14 per square foot.


Engineered Hardwood

Engineered hardwood flooring is slightly less expensive than solid hardwood. The typical range engineered hardwood flooring is $5 to $10 per square foot, with most types falling in the $5 to $8 per square foot range. But, keep in mind it also requires less maintenance due to it’s factory finish.


Best for Cost: Engineered Hardwood

The edge here goes to engineered hardwood flooring. For both types of flooring, installation labor can add $3 to $10 per square foot, depending on prevailing labor costs in your area and the complexity of the home layout. Solid wood sand & finish having the more expensive variables.




Solid Hardwood

Solid hardwood typically lasts at least 30 years and as much as 100 years, since it can be sanded down and refinished several times.


Engineered Hardwood

Engineered hardwood flooring generally lasts 20 to 50 years. Most engineered floors having a manufacturers 50 year warranty.


Best for Lifespan: Both Hardwoods

Because its solid wood construction allows it to be sanded and refinished several times, solid hardwood flooring comes out on top when it comes to longevity. Engineered takes the maintenance over time lead because of it’s lack of need for sanding and refinishing. Engineered will also hold up better to humidity issues and will show less seasonal changes.



Solid Hardwood

Standard hardwood flooring planks are 3/4 inch thick, 2 1/4-4 inches wide, and sold n various lengths from 12 to 84 inches. Other thicknesses and widths are also available, though solid hardwood flooring is rarely more than about 4 inches wide.


Engineered Hardwood

Engineered hardwood boards are often thinner, with 3/8- to 9/16 inch-thick boards common. Engineered hardwood is often sold in much wider boards, up to 9 inches, and the lengths typically run 36 to 72 inches


Best for Sizes: Tie

There is no particular winner here, unless you have a particular preference for narrower boards (in which case solid hardwood will be preferable for you), or wider boards (in which case engineered hardwood flooring will be a better choice).


Resale Value


Solid Hardwood

In appearance, solid hardwood is not noticeably different from engineered hardwood, but real estate professionals and potential home buyers may place a premium on a solid hardwood floor for its greater longevity.


Engineered Hardwood

Engineered hardwood flooring will rarely be a turn-off to prospective buyers, though they may recognize that these floors have a shorter lifespan but excel in character and finish.


Best for Resale Value: Both Hardwoods

Both solid hardwood and engineered hardwood are premium flooring materials that add good real estate value to your home.


The Verdict


Engineered wood flooring was once regarded as a pale imitation of solid hardwood, but improvements in the product quality have eliminated this perception. Solid hardwood may hold a slight edge in prestige for some people, but the lower cost, easier installation and lower maintenance of engineered wood flooring give it the edge for others. Further, engineered wood uses less hardwood trees, a fact that appeals to environmentally conscious consumers.



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Best Flooring for Dogs – Which Type Will You Choose?

Finding the best flooring for dogs is important.

After all, the surface your dog walks on can affect his joints!

Not to mention how easy to clean your house is.

If you are picking out a new floor or carpet for your home, we’ll help you make sure it is dog safe and dog friendly.

Lab Puppy
Best Flooring for Dogs – Which Type Will You Choose? 32

Why the best flooring for dogs matters

If you’re considering getting a puppy, you’ve probably already thought about what you’re going to feed them and the best training methods.

But new puppy owners are often unaware of the dangers of raising a puppy on a very slippery surface.

Certain flooring can cause your dog to slip and slide around, possibly crashing into furniture and injuring themselves.

This lack of support can contribute to the development of hip dysplasia, a common skeletal condition that commonly affects larger breeds.

Hip Dysplasia and the best flooring for dogs

There are a few things that contribute to the onset of hip dysplasia in dogs, with genetics being the foundation for the condition; it’s hereditary.

However, it can be exacerbated by environmental conditions like your dog’s weight, nutrition, and even the type of floor they commonly walk on.

As puppies grow, they can slide around on slippery surfaces, not being able to get any traction.

When this happens, their joints are being affected, as they’re taking the brunt of the movements.

When the puppies should actually be using their muscles.

Dogs raised on a slippery surface are 1.6 times more likely to develop canine hip dysplasia.

Adult Dogs and Flooring

Aside from hip dysplasia, different flooring can pose problems for both adult dogs and you.

Adult dogs are prone to slipping and sliding on floors, possibly crashing into furniture and injuring themselves.

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Best Flooring for Dogs – Which Type Will You Choose? 33

Also, depending on the type of flooring, you’ll be faced with more clean-up.

Certain flooring is more prone to attracting hair and mess, and your dog’s nails could cause permanent damage.

Having non-slip flooring is especially important for senior dogs who are more fragile.

When a slip could result in a serious injury, it’s best to take precautions.

With that said, let’s take a look at some common flooring to see which is best for your dog.

Best Flooring For Dogs – Choosing Your Type

So what is the best flooring for dogs?

Let’s break down some of the options.

Best Flooring for Dogs – Which Type Will You Choose? 34


Is carpet the best flooring for dogs, despite the hair and muck?

You probably don’t think of carpet as being a great option for your dog.

Carpet attracts dog hair like a magnet, making it a nightmare to maintain if you have a breed that sheds a lot.

Accidents are also that much more problematic when you have to clean them off of the carpet.

But if it were up to your dog, your entire house would be covered in carpet.

It’s warm, soft, and is the best non-slip flooring for dogs out there.

With carpet, you can rest assured that your dog won’t be slipping and sliding.

Carpet is also great for puppies if you’re worried about hip dysplasia.

It gives them the traction they need to walk and run around.

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Best Flooring for Dogs – Which Type Will You Choose? 35

You know your dog best.

If they don’t shed a lot and aren’t prone to accidents, carpet could work. But for most dog owners, carpet will be a lot of maintenance.

If you’re willing to put in the work, your dog will appreciate it.

image 1
Best Flooring for Dogs – Which Type Will You Choose? 36


Vinyl flooring for dogs might be the best flooring for dogs.

It’s known as resilient flooring.

It is very durable with its scratch resistance and ability to expel water being notable qualities.

It’s also really easy to clean.

Luxury vinyl is thicker than other types of vinyl – it will last a very long time in your household.

All vinyl repels dog hair, meaning all you need is a quick vacuum to get rid of any shedding.

Accidents are also easily cleaned up with a simple cloth – no scrubbing needed.

Your dog will thrive on vinyl too, especially luxury vinyl.

It’s actually softer than hardwood and laminate flooring, and it’s easier for your pet to build traction on.

Luxury vinyl is truly the best flooring for both you and your dog.

With all of that said, vinyl flooring is actually quite affordable.

But you won’t want to skimp on quality if you’re looking for flooring that’ll last you a long time.

Splurge on luxury vinyl – you won’t regret it.

dog lying tile
Best Flooring for Dogs – Which Type Will You Choose? 37


If combatting pet hair and keeping your home tidy is your number one priority, tile for dogs could work.

It’s stain resistance, tough, and water resistant.

However, tile is quite cold, not to mention how hard it is.

Your dog will probably be uncomfortable if your entire home is covered with tile.

But if you do go this route, make sure to put down plenty of rugs for your pup.

image 2
Best Flooring for Dogs – Which Type Will You Choose? 38


Many claim that laminate flooring is the best if you have a dog.

It’s very durable and tough, being pretty much scratchproof.

Clean-ups are effortless.

And it’s cheap!

But while it’s convenient, it’s not great for your dog.

Laminate is extremely slippery.

Puppies and adult dogs alike won’t be able to build any traction on laminate.

Causing them to slide all over the place, this is a hazard.

If you have laminate and can’t replace it, make use of plenty of area rugs.

image 3
Best Flooring for Dogs – Which Type Will You Choose? 39


You probably want to know which hardwood flooring is best for dogs, as that’s what’s in most homes.

However, hardwood isn’t really the best for pet owners.

Wood floors and liquids are enemies.

If your dog were to have an accident, your floor could be seriously damaged.

Liquids can cause hardwood to stain and swell up. They’re also prone to showing scratches.

But if you’re dead set on hardwood, you need the pricier engineered hardwood.

It has a tougher finish and has multiple layers to it, giving it some protection against damage.

A solid hardwood floor can be as durable as vinyl, but it’ll cost you a lot of money.

Flooring for Dogs

With that said, it’s possible to make most types of flooring work for dogs.

If you have a slippery, cold floor like laminate, lay down plenty of rugs for your dog.

Try to give them their own space to play that has a more comfortable flooring.

So they don’t get too playful on the potentially dangerous floor.

Keep your dog’s nails trimmed, too!

This will help them build traction while keeping your floor safe from scratches.


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Best Flooring for Dogs – Which Type Will You Choose? 40

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References and Further Reading

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